Tuesday, 04 July 2023 00:00

Various Types of Stress Fractures

A stress fracture, or hairline fracture, often develops gradually. It is considered to be a break in the bone, and can happen in the foot or ankle. It can occur from repetitive overuse, and treatment can begin with temporarily stopping the activity that caused the fracture. Common causes of a stress fracture can include increasing speed and distance too quickly, or from running on uneven surfaces. There are four types of stress fractures, and the most common type affects the second metatarsal in the forefoot. The sesamoid bones may also fracture, in addition to the navicular or heel bone. The symptoms that many people experience with a stress fracture can include pain and swelling surrounding the affected area, and it can be uncomfortable when touched or walked on. A stress fracture requires immediate medical attention, which may prevent it from lapsing into a full blown fracture. This can require the patient to frequently elevate the foot, and to keep weight off of it as much as possible. Many people will wear a protective boot or use crutches that can help with mobility. If you have foot pain, and fear you may have a stress fracture, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat this foot condition.

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact one of our doctors from Favor Foot Ankle Leg & Wound Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts


Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in South Amboy and Edison, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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