Tuesday, 04 October 2022 00:00

Reasons Why Bunions May Develop

People who have bunions may be embarrassed by their appearance. It is defined as a hard lump that forms on the side of the big toe, and may gradually increase in size. It can develop for reasons consisting of genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. A severe bunion may cause the toes to shift toward each other, and it may cause difficulty in walking. There are some patients that have corns and calluses that develop on top of the bunion, and this can happen from friction as the toe touches the shoe. If daily activities are affected, surgery may need to be performed for permanent removal. A bunion may form from existing medical conditions, including arthritis, gout, and cerebral palsy. Many people notice their skin is red and swollen surrounding the bunion, and the big toe may be stiff. If you are aware of the beginning stages of a bunion, it is strongly urged that you consult with a podiatrist who can treat this type of foot condition. 

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our doctors of Favor Foot Ankle Leg & Wound Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in South Amboy, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?